Environmental Science, B.S.
- Students will demonstrate their knowledge of fundamental concepts in environmental sciences.
- Students will be able to utilize information from more than one discipline related to environmental science, and be able to synthesize that information to analyze interdisciplinary environmental problems.
- Students will demonstrate strong analytical writing skills.
- Students will demonstrate strong oral communication skills.
Admission, Progression and Transfer Standards
- Any student applying for transfer to the environmental science major from other programs within the University, or from accredited colleges and universities, is required to have a minimum grade point average of 2.80 on a 4.00 scale.
- Environmental Science majors may enroll in an environmental science course a maximum of two times to earn the required grade of C or higher. For the purposes of this standard of progression, withdrawal with a W does not constitute enrollment.
The major endorses the use of independent study courses to further students’ intellectual pursuits in alternative ways. Before students may register for an independent study course, they must submit a completed independent study contract which has been approved by the major advisor and the Director of Undergraduate Studies. (No student may apply more than 6 hours of independent study credits toward the degree). A grade-point average of 2.5 or greater is required to enroll in independent study courses.
New freshmen who meet University admissions standards are eligible for admission to degree programs offered by the college. A student who wishes to enter the College of Arts and Sciences from another college on the Columbia campus must be in good standing and have a cumulative GPA of 2.00 or higher. A student who wishes to enter the College of Arts and Sciences from another UofSC campus must fulfill one of the following requirements:
- Be in good standing, meet the admission requirements for a baccalaureate degree on the Columbia campus, and have a cumulative GPA of 2.00 or higher.
- Be in good standing and have completed 30 semester hours with a GPA of 2.00 or higher on a UofSC campus.
Some programs in the College of Arts and Sciences have special admission requirements established by the department or committee that supervises the specific degree program, for example, Cardiovascular Technology, Biological Sciences, Chemistry, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Economics, Environmental Science, the Bachelor of Arts in Interdisciplinary Studies, and the Bachelor of Science in Interdisciplinary Studies. These requirements are listed in the sections of this bulletin that describe department and special degree programs.
Degree Requirements (128 hours)
Program of Study
|1. Carolina Core||34-46|
|2. College Requirements||15-18|
|3. Program Requirements||28-45|
|4. Major Requirements||34-46|
Founding Documents Requirement
All undergraduate students must take a 3-credit course or its equivalent with a passing grade in the subject areas of History, Political Science, or African American Studies that covers the founding documents including the United State Constitution, the Declaration of Independence, the Emancipation Proclamation and one or more documents that are foundational to the African American Freedom struggle, and a minimum of five essays from the Federalist papers. This course may count as a requirement in any part of the program of study including the Carolina Core, the major, minor or cognate, or as a general elective. Courses that meet this requirement are listed here.
1. Carolina Core Requirements (34-46 hours)
CMW – Effective, Engaged, and Persuasive Communication: Written (6 hours)
must be passed with a grade of C or higher
ARP – Analytical Reasoning and Problem Solving (8 hours)
SCI – Scientific Literacy (8 hours)
Note: Must take either both BIOL or both MSCI.
GFL – Global Citizenship and Multicultural Understanding: Foreign Language (0-6 hours)
Demonstration of proficiency in one foreign language equivalent to the minimal passing grade on the exit examination in the 122 course is required. Students can demonstrate this proficiency by successfully completing Phase II of the Proficiency Test or by successfully completing the 122 course, including the exit exam administered as part of that course.
It is strongly recommended that students continuing the study of a foreign language begin college-level study of that language in their first semester and continue in that language until their particular foreign language requirement is completed.
GHS – Global Citizenship and Multicultural Understanding: Historical Thinking (3 hours)
- any CC-GHS course
GSS – Global Citizenship and Multicultural Understanding: Social Sciences (3 hours)
AIU – Aesthetic and Interpretive Understanding (3 hours)
- any CC-AIU course
CMS – Effective, Engaged, and Persuasive Communication: Spoken Component1 (0-3 hours)
- any overlay or stand-alone CC-CMS course
INF – Information Literacy1 (0-3 hours)
- any overlay or stand-alone CC-INF course
VSR – Values, Ethics, and Social Responsibility1 (0-3 hours)
- fulfilled through POLI 201, an overlay course with GSS, or may be filled by any overlay or stand-alone CC-VSR course
2. College Requirements (15-18 hours)
Foreign Language (0-3 hours)
- only if needed to meet 122-level proficiency
Analytical Reasoning (6 hours)
|STAT 515||Statistical Methods I (or higher)||3|
|CSCE 102||General Applications Programming 1||3|
|Total Credit Hours||6|
¹ or a higher level CSCE course
History (3 hours)
The College of Arts and Sciences requires one U.S. History and one non-U.S. History course. Whichever is not fulfilled through the Carolina Core GHS requirement must be fulfilled through this college requirement. Accordingly, please select one of the following:
- One Carolina Core GHS-approved course primarily focused on U.S. History: HIST 111, HIST 112, HIST 214, or another GHS-approved course determined by the College of Arts and Science to fit this geographic category.
- One Carolina Core GHS-approved course primarily focused on non-U.S. History: HIST 101, HIST 102, HIST 104, HIST 105, HIST 106, HIST 108, HIST 109, GERM 280, FAMS 300, or another GHS-approved course determined by the College of Arts and Sciences to fit this geographic category.
Social Science (3 hours)
|Select one of the following:||3|
|Principles of Microeconomics|
|Introduction to Economics|
|Introduction to Economics|
|Total Credit Hours||3|
Fine Arts or Humanities (3 hours)
|Select one of the following:||3|
|Classical Origins of Western Medical Ethics|
|Ethics of Science and Technology|
|History and Philosophy of Science|
|Health Care Ethics|
|Total Credit Hours||3|
3. Program Requirements (28-45 hours)
Supporting Courses (27 hours)
|General Chemistry I|
and General Chemistry I Lab
|General Chemistry II|
and General Chemistry II Lab
|Select one of the following:||4|
|Introduction to the Earth|
|Observing the Earth|
|Select one of the following:||4|
|General Physics I|
and General Physics Laboratory I
|Essentials of Physics I|
and Essentials of Physics I Lab
|Select one of the following:||3|
|ENVR 201||Environmental Science and Policy I 1,2||4|
|ENVR 202||Environmental Science and Policy II 1,2||4|
|Total Credit Hours||27|
Pre-major course that must be completed before taking major courses.
Must be passed with a grade of C or higher.
Minor (18 hours) optional
A student in the Environmental Science major may choose a minor consisting of at least 18 credit hours of prescribed courses. (Some minors in the sciences require a minimum of 16 hours.) The subject area of the minor may be related to the major. Students pursuing interdisciplinary minors who wish to use courses in their major department for minor credit must petition the College Committee on Scholastic Standards and Petitions for permission to do so.
The minor is intended to develop a coherent basic preparation in a second area of study. Interdisciplinary minors can be designed with the approval of the assistant dean for academic affairs and advising.
Courses applied toward general education requirements cannot be counted toward the minor. No course may satisfy both major and minor requirements. All minor courses must be passed with a grade of C or higher. At least half of the courses in the minor must be completed in residence at the University.
A list of minor programs of study can be found at Programs A-Z.
Electives (1-18 hours)
No courses of a remedial, developmental, skill-acquiring, or vocational nature may apply as credit toward degrees in the College of Arts and Sciences. The College of Arts and Sciences allows the use of the Pass-Fail option on elective courses. Further clarification on inapplicable courses can be obtained from the College of Arts and Sciences.
4. Major Requirements (34-36 hours)
A minimum grade of C is required in all major courses.
Major Courses (17-18 hours)
All majors must complete at least 34-36 hours of approved courses which must include the core requirements of 17-18 hours. Majors must complete 17-18 additional hours in major elective courses to bring them to the required 34-36 hours total. Students are required to develop a program of study in consultation with their advisor. A minimum grade of C is required for all courses used to fulfill major requirements. Any modifications to the program of study require the approval of the Director of Undergraduate Studies.
|Ecology and Evolution|
and Ecology and Evolution Laboratory
|Select three of the following:||10-11|
|Introduction to Environmental Engineering|
|Concepts of Environmental Health Science|
|Weather and Climate|
|Surface and Near Surface Processes|
|Total Credit Hours||17-18|
Major Electives (17-18 hours)
Students, in consultation with their assigned advisor, must develop a program of study which either provides a broad set environmental science courses or allows students to focus in a defined area. Given the current course offerings and faculty expertise at the University, if a student wanted to focus their elective course work, possible areas include: Natural Systems, Climate and Weather, Water Resources, Energy, or Humans and the Environment. All Students’ selective courses should include at least 6 hours taken at the 400 level or above. All courses may be selected from ENVR designator classes, but if not ENVR classes, then no more than 3 should be from a single discipline and no more than one Research Methods course.
Courses Acceptable for Major Credit
|From the Environment and Sustainability Program|
|ENVR 321||Environmental Pollution and Health||3|
|ENVR 323||Global Environmental Health||3|
|ENVR 331||Integrating Sustainability||3|
|ENVR 352||Energy, Society and Sustainability||3|
|ENVR 399||Independent Study||1-6|
|ENVR 460||Congaree National Park: Field Investigations in Environmental Science||4|
|ENVR 490||Special Topics in Sustainability and the Environment||1-4|
|ENVR 499||Research in Environmental Science||1-3|
|ENVR 500||Environmental Practicum||3|
|ENVR 501||Special Topics in the Environment||3|
|ENVR 531||Sustainability Management and Leadership Strategies||3-4|
|ENVR 548||Environmental Economics||3|
|ENVR 571||Conservation Biology||3|
|ENVR 572||Freshwater Ecology||3|
|From the Life Sciences|
|BIOL 302||Cell and Molecular Biology||3|
|BIOL 420||Survey of the Plant Kingdom||3|
|BIOL 420L||Survey of the Plant Kingdom Laboratory||1|
|BIOL 460||Advanced Human Physiology||3|
|BIOL 541L||Biochemistry Laboratory||1|
|BIOL 549||Plant Physiology||4|
|BIOL 570||Principles of Ecology||3|
|BIOL 570L||Principles of Ecology Laboratory||1|
|BIOL 571||Conservation Biology||3|
|BIOL 572||Freshwater Ecology||3|
|BIOL 574||Marine Conservation Biology||3|
|BIOL 640||Microbial Ecology||3|
|BIOL 671||Plant Responses to the Environment||3|
|Other BIOL courses may be selected as approved by student’s advisor|
|CHEM 321||Quantitative Analysis||3|
|CHEM 321L||Quantitative Analysis Laboratory||1|
|CHEM 333||Organic Chemistry I||3|
|CHEM 333L||Comprehensive Organic Chemistry Laboratory I||2|
|CHEM 334||Organic Chemistry II||3|
|CHEM 334L||Comprehensive Organic Chemistry Laboratory II||2|
|CHEM 623||Introductory Environmental Chemistry||3|
|CHEM 624||Aquatic Chemistry||3|
|From the Earth and Marine Sciences|
|GEOL 302||Rocks and Minerals||4|
|GEOL 305||Earth Systems through Time||4|
|GEOL 315||Surface and Near Surface Processes||4|
|GEOL 335||Processes of Global Environmental Change||4|
|GEOL 371||A View of the River||3|
|GEOL 524||Environmental Radioisotope Geochemistry||3|
|GEOL 548||Environmental Geophysics||4|
|GEOL 557||Coastal Processes||3|
|GEOL 560||Earth Resource Management||3|
|GEOL 570||Environmental Hydrogeology||3|
|GEOL 571||Soil Hydrology||4|
|GEOL 575||Numerical Modeling for Earth Science Applications||3|
|GEOL 581||Estuarine Oceanography||3|
|Other GEOL courses may be selected as approved by student’s advisor|
|MSCI 305||Ocean Data Analysis||3|
|MSCI 311||Biology of Marine Organisms||4|
|MSCI 313||The Chemistry of the Sea||4|
|MSCI 450||Principles of Biological Oceanography||3|
|MSCI 521||Introduction to Geochemistry||3|
|MSCI 552||Population Genetics||3|
|MSCI 566||Ecosystem Analysis||3|
|MSCI 575||Marine Ecology||3|
|MSCI 579||Air-Sea Interaction||3|
|MSCI 582||Marine Hydrodynamics||3|
|GEOG 202||Weather and Climate||4|
|GEOG 343||Environment and Society||3|
|GEOG 346||Climate and Society||3|
|GEOG 347||Water as a Resource||3|
|GEOG 349||Cartographic Animation||3|
|GEOG 360||Geography of Wind||3|
|GEOG 363||Geographic Information Systems||3|
|GEOG 365||Hurricanes and Tropical Climatology||3|
|GEOG 371||Air Pollution Climatology||3|
|GEOG 530||Environmental Hazards||3|
|GEOG 545||Synoptic Meteorology||4|
|GEOG 546||Applied Climatology||4|
|GEOG 547||Fluvial Geomorphology||3|
|GEOG 549||Water and Watersheds||3|
|GEOG 551||Principles of Remote Sensing||3|
|GEOG 554||Spatial Programming||3|
|GEOG 562||Satellite Mapping and the Global Positioning System||3|
|GEOG 563||Advanced Geographic Information Systems||3|
|GEOG 564||GIS-Based Modeling||3|
|GEOG 567||Long-Term Environmental Change||3|
|GEOG 568||Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change||3|
|GEOG 569||International Development and the Environment||3|
|GEOG 570||Geography of Public Land and Water Policy||3|
|GEOG 573||Climatic Change and Variability||3|
|GEOG 575||Digital Techniques and Applications in Remote Sensing||3|
|Other GEOG courses may be selected as approved by the student’s advisor|
|From Mathematics, Statistics, and Engineering|
|CSCE 206||Scientific Applications Programming||3|
|CSCE 567||Visualization Tools||3|
|ECHE 300||Chemical Process Principles||3|
|ECHE 310||Introductory Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics||3|
|ECHE 311||Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics||3|
|ECHE 567||Process Safety, Health and Loss Prevention||3|
|ECHE 573||Next Energy||3|
|ECHE 589||Special Advanced Topics in Chemical Engineering||3|
|ECIV 350||Introduction to Environmental Engineering||3|
|ECIV 350L||Introduction to Environmental Engineering Laboratory||1|
|ECIV 362||Introduction to Water Resources Engineering||3|
|ECIV 405||System Applications in Civil Engineering||3|
|ECIV 551||Elements of Water and Wastewater Treatment||3|
|ECIV 555||Principles of Municipal Solid Waste Engineering||3|
|ECIV 556||Air Pollution Control Engineering||3|
|ECIV 557||Sustainable Construction for Engineers||3|
|ECIV 558||Environmental Engineering Process Modeling||3|
|ECIV 560||Open Channel Hydraulics||3|
|ECIV 562||Engineering Hydrology||3|
|ECIV 563||Subsurface Hydrology||3|
|ECIV 570||Land Development for Engineers||3|
|EMCH 529||Sustainable Design and Development||3|
|EMCH 553||Nuclear Fuel Cycles||3|
|EMCH 592||Introduction to Combustion||3|
|EMCH 594||Solar Heating||3|
|EMCH 597||Thermal Environmental Engineering||3|
|ENCP 290||Thermodynamic Fundamentals||3|
|ENCP 540||Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing||3|
|MATH 241||Vector Calculus||3|
|MATH 242||Elementary Differential Equations||3|
|MATH 523||Mathematical Modeling of Population Biology||3|
|STAT 516||Statistical Methods II||3|
|STAT 518||Nonparametric Statistical Methods||3|
|STAT 520||Forecasting and Time Series||3|
|STAT 528||Environmental Statistics||3|
|STAT 540||Computing in Statistics||3|
|From the Health Sciences|
|ENHS 321||Environmental Pollution and Health||3|
|ENHS 660||Concepts of Environmental Health Science||3|
|ENHS 665||Biofilms in Environmental Health and Disease||3|
|ENHS 670||Environmental Pollutants and Human Health||3|
Research Methods Courses
Not required, but if selected, only one of these three may be taken for credit towards the major.
|CSCE 145||Algorithmic Design I||4|
|ECIV 111||Introduction to Engineering Graphics and Visualization||3|
|EMCH 111||Introduction to Computer-Aided Design||3|
A major map is a layout of required courses in a given program of study, including critical courses and suggested course sequences to ensure a clear path to graduation.
Major maps are only a suggested or recommended sequence of courses required in a program of study. Please contact your academic advisor for assistance in the application of specific coursework to a program of study and course selection and planning for upcoming semesters.