Educational Outcomes for the Doctor of Pharmacy Graduate
Domain 1 – Foundational Knowledge
- Learner (Learner) - Develop, integrate, and apply knowledge from the foundational sciences (i.e., pharmaceutical, social/behavioral/administrative, * and clinical sciences) to evaluate the scientific literature, explain drug action, solve therapeutic problems, and advance population health and patient-centered care.
Domain 2 – Essentials for Practice and Care
- Patient-centered care (Caregiver) - Provide patient-centered care as the medication expert (collect and interpret evidence, prioritize, formulate assessments and recommendations, implement, monitor and adjust plans, and document activities).
- Medication use systems management (Manager) - Manage patient healthcare needs using human, financial, technological, and physical resources to optimize the safety and efficacy of medication use systems.
- Health and wellness (Promoter) - Design prevention, intervention, and educational strategies for individuals and communities to manage chronic disease and improve health and wellness.
- Population-based care (Provider) - Describe how population-based care influences patient-centered care and influences the development of practice guidelines and evidence-based best practices.
Domain 3 - Approach to Practice and Care
- Problem Solving (Problem Solver) – Identify problems; explore and prioritize potential strategies; and design, implement, and evaluate a viable solution.
- Educator (Educator) – Educate all audiences by determining the most effective and enduring ways to impart information and assess understanding.
- Patient Advocacy (Advocate) - Assure that patients’ best interests are represented.
- Interprofessional collaboration (Collaborator) – Actively participate and engage as a healthcare team member by demonstrating mutual respect, understanding, and values to meet patient care needs.
- Cultural sensitivity (Includer) - Recognize social determinants of health to diminish disparities and inequities in access to quality care.
- Communication (Communicator) – Effectively communicate verbally and nonverbally when interacting with an individual, group, or organization.
Domain 4 – Personal and Professional Development
- Self-awareness (Self-aware) – Examine and reflect on personal knowledge, skills, abilities, beliefs, biases, motivation, and emotions that could enhance or limit personal and professional growth.
- Leadership (Leader) - Demonstrate responsibility for creating and achieving shared goals, regardless of position.
- Innovation and Entrepreneurship (Innovator) - Engage in innovative activities by using creative thinking to envision better ways of accomplishing professional goals.
- Professionalism (Professional) - Exhibit behaviors and values that are consistent with the trust given to the profession by patients, other healthcare providers, and society.
*Terms that are bolded and italicized are defined in the glossary of the Center for the Advancement of Pharmacy Education (CAPE) Educational Outcomes 2013 at: https://www.aacp.org/sites/default/files/2017-10/CAPEoutcomes2013%20%281%29.pdf